Glaucoma & HRT3


Glaucoma Analysis Using the Confocal Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscope (cSLO)

The Heidelberg Retina Tomograph (HRT) is a confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope. A laser light scans the retina in 24 millisecond sequential scans, starting above the retinal surface, then capturing parallel images at increasing depths. The stacks of images can be combined to create a three-dimensional (3-D) topographic image of the retina. Images are aligned and compared using TruTrack™ software for both individual examinations and for detecting change between examinations. The same technology is used in the HRT Retina Module.

HRT Glaucoma Image

3-D Optic Disc Topography vs. Tomography

When applying the technology to glaucoma, the HRT takes data from a 3-D stack of tomographic images of the optic nerve and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), aligns the images and computes a 3-D topographic map of the surface of the retina. This 3-D topographic map is analyzed for signs of glaucomatous damage and the results are displayed on either a single eye examination report or on an OU examination report.

HRT Scan Structure 3D Graphic

24-Millisecond Scan Helps Avoid Eye Movement Artifact

The HRT scans the retina in 24-milliseconds, faster than most involuntary eye movements (micro saccades occur in 30-50 milliseconds) and faster than voluntary eye movements (macro saccades occur in 150 or more milliseconds). Each scan is composed of 384 x 384 pixels for a total of 147,456 data points covering a 15-degree area of the retina. Other technologies, such as time-domain OCT, scan slower than 24-milliseconds, contributing to motion artifact (blurring of the data).

OCT Circle Artifact - 3

Time-domain OCT motion artifact

TruTrack™ Image Alignment Provides Accuracy in Single Exams

TruTrack™ is proprietary software which aligns images within examinations and between examinations. The software uses anatomical features (such as blood vessel patterns) and other image characteristics to align the images. Good image analysis requires both high quality images (fast scanning) and image alignment. To construct a single examination, the software aligns a stack of individual scans. Each scan is examined for image quality and if any are found to be outside of acceptable quality indices, the scan is discarded from the image set. Three sets of scans are automatically captured at each acquisition, providing data redundancy. The three sets are used to create a final composite image for analysis. Only Heidelberg Engineering offers retinal imaging technology which automatically discards low quality scans.

TruTrack™ Image Alignment

TruTrack™ Image Alignment Detects Image Variability and Structural Changes

By examining the variability of the three scan sets in an individual examination, sequential examinations can be compared for significant differences by eliminating differences due to image variability such as eye movements and fixation losses.

Glaucoma Reflectance Images - Progression

HRT Retina Module

Front Line Evaluation of Macular Health

  • Retinal thickness mapping in 3-D
  • Precise detection of change with TruTrack™ image alignment
  • No interpolated data, less chance of missing pathology
  • “Show and tell” for patient education
  • Modular platform to add more capabilities later
  • Network ready

The aging population and rise in obesity are driving increased incidents of both age-related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy. The HRT Retina Module enables a fast, simple method of evaluating macular health without interpolating the data.

Retinal Thickness

The retinal thickness measurements of the HRT Retina Module create a complete map of the scanned area without interpolating data. Retinal Thickness maps may be useful for tracking disease changes as therapy continues. The 3-D maps are helpful for showing and explaining retinal abnormalities to the patient.

Retina Thickness 3-D Map Images

Retina Age Related Macular Degeneration AMD Reflectance Map DME 3-D Thickness Map CME 3-D Thickness Map HRT Retina Macular Hole 3D Map

Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

Diabetic Macular Degeneration (DME)

Cystoid Macular Edema (CME)

Macular Hole

Reflectance Map

The reflectance image is an additional tool on the HRT which helps to reveal retinal abnormalities. The reflectance image captures differences in the surface appearance of the retina and enables  the Retinal Thickness maps.

Reflectance Map Images

Retina Diabetc Malular Edema DME Relectance Map Retina Diabetc Malular Edema DME Relectance Map Retina Systoid Macular Edema CME Reflective Map Retina Macular Hole Reflectance Map

Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

Diabetic Macular Degeneration (DME)

Cystoid Macular Edema (CME)

Macular Hole

Comments are closed.